In addition to the assigned readings specified in the schedule, students are responsible for reading the Course Content Links, from the bordered grid of links on the Course Links page as these links become activated on the web. (I will also gradually enter these links on this page.) These links are also organized into the sequential Topic Modules on Canvas. Follow along with the modules on Canvas. The material there is undated but will correspond to class progress and also to this schedule (once updated after hurricane). Post-hurricane, the class will be modified to put more emphasis on your own explorations into English and its words, and less on the exams.
The 4 exams - Study Test 1, Midterm 1, Study Test 2, and Midterm 2, will cover readings, the two DVD episodes (one viewed in class, the other on library reserve) class lectures and discussions, the web materials in the Course Content Links and this page, and any materials distributed in class. Additional links in the modules are provided as aids to understanding; or because they will viewed in class. The short vocabulary quizzes are based on the sets of "Word Elements" in the textbook (which I sometimes refer to as "Morpheme Sets"), and listed at the end of most of the chapters.
Any illness or other disaster that keeps a student from taking an exam or quiz during the assigned time must be reported to me (kemmer AT rice.edu) before the exam is due (if you can't notify me, then ask your parent or college master to do so). There are no make-up exams for non-emergency situations.
There is an opportunity for extra credit (5%): create a short (3-5 min) video on some topic relating to course topics.
|Day||Date||Topic||Readings from textbook and other materials; Assignments|
|M||Aug 21||Introduction. What do we know about English? (Or think we know?) What kind of a language is English? What language(s) are most closely related to English? Some basic concepts. What are "related languages"; "sister languages"; ancestor/descendent languages; Germanic languages; Anglo-Saxon/Old English?||No reading. Preview Questions about Words in English; Lord's Prayer through time|
|W||Aug 23||Breadth and diversity of English. English around the world. Basic concepts: synonyms; native vs. borrowed words; nativization. basic historical relations ("genetic relationships") of English to other languages: Germanic languages, Romance languages, Celtic, Slavic languages and others; cognates||Chapter 1; Questions about Words in English; From public website: read sections on English as a World Language; Varieties and Dialects.|
|F||Aug 25||English and its relatives.||Chapter 2 p. 19-28 (to middle of page).|
|M||Aug 28||Hurricane cancellation.||Explore course links according to interest and time.|
|W||Aug 30||Hurricane cancellation.||Explore course links according to interest and time.|
|F||Sept 1||Hurricane cancellation.||Explore course links according to interest and time.|
|M||Sept 4||Labor Day holiday, no class.||Continue exploring links from first course module.|
|W||Sept 6||Anglo-Saxon period. Angles, Saxons and Jutes.||Chronology of the English Language to 10th century. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Maps: Visual aids on History of England and English Chronology of the English Language to 1066.|
|F||Sept 8||The Anglo-Saxon Period. The first period of Viking invasion. DVD: The Adventure of English, Part 1.||Chapter 2 to Middle English Period. Chronology of the English Language to
Lord's Prayer through time. Chronology of the English Language to 1500. Anglo-Saxon
||The Norman Conquest and its consequences. DVD: The Adventure of English Part 2.
A Brief History of the English Language (introductory paragraphs);
Chronology of English to 1500.
||Vikings and Normans, cont.
||Chronology of English cont.
||Early Modern English.
||The King James Bible. William
Shakespeare. Extra: Explore the Luminarium to see texts in various periods.
||Begin morphology. Basic concepts: Word elements or morphs: minimal units of word formation; inflection vs. derivation. Exploration of word elements as building blocks. Roots and affixes, prefixes and suffixes. Some affixes of English. Noun-forming, verb-forming, and adjective-forming suffixes. The
nature of meaning: the flexibility of form-meaning relations.
||Ch. 3 pp. 41-48 to section end top of p. 48. Morphemes and Roots and affixes, Some derivational affixes of English.
||Morphs and meaning. Word analysis (= Word parsing, or just parsing).
Differences between Latin/Greek vs. English/other Germanic word
structure. Compounding in the two types of languages. Latin and Greek as inflectional languages.
Derivation vs. inflection.
How we make words. Word formation in English: Word structure and word analysis.
Complexity of Greek/Latin (Classical) words and their parsing. The derivational suffixes of English, native and borrowed.
||Definitions. Read rest of Chapter 3; but discussion will continue on concepts from pp. 41-48 and material from pp. 48-51.
||Special word formation processes. Exploration of texts for word information.
||Ch. 3 51-68 cont. Types of Word Formation.
Definitions. Ch. 3 p. 51-68. Review Terms 1 for Study Test 1 and Midterm 1.
||Special word formation processes, cont. and other aspects of morphology.
||Study Test #1 (on course materials from topics in Chapters 1-3, not 4) open on Canvas after class (latest 7pm)
Review Terms 1
||Allomorphs: variant forms of morphemes. Allomorphy in the English morphological system; allomorphy in Latinate vocabulary. Sound contexts affect the sounds speakers produce.
||Ch. 4. Study Test #1 (on material from topics in Chapters 1-3, not 4) due 11:55pm
||Allomorphs, cont. Parsing: word analysis. Making complete parses of Latinate vocabulary, for understanding word structure.
||Ch. 4. Parsing: Method and examples.
||More on parsing; more on phonologically motivated allomorphy. Parsing vs. etymology.
||Phonetics: the system behind our sounds. Basic concepts:
Consonants and vowels: what are they? The sounds of English I. Consonants. Sounds vs. spelling. Mismatches.
||end Ch. 4; Ch. 5. Definitions; Sound terminology
||The English sound system, cont. More on consonants. Vowels. Diphthongs.
||Ch. 5. Preview Ch. 6 and review Sound terminology and parsing of these sound terms.
||Midterm Break, no class.
||Study guide for
Review 2: Study Guide for Midterm 1
||More types of phonological processes (deletion etc.). Number
Greek and Latin numerals. Borrowing pattern-- Especially in compounds: where whole
words were borrowed, Latin typically goes with Latin, Greek with Greek.
Latin vs. Greek loanwords: how do we tell?
||Ch. 6. Continue reviewing Study Guide. Midterm 1 starts.
||Meaning change. Paths of meaning change and radial categories. Polysemy and semantic change.
Finite words, infinite concepts.
||Ch. 7. Semantic change: Types of developments.
Midterm 1 due Saturday 11:55pm.
||Two frequent types of change:
Metaphor and metonymy as types of change AND cognitive processes.
Spatial metaphor in Classical prefixes
(e.g. hyper-, hypo-, super-, sub- and others).
||Ch. 7. Semantic change
||Other types of change. Meaning change and social and technological change.
||Technological change and Meaning Change.
||Etymology. Word stories: the historical trajectory of words through time.
||Word Stories: What types of change can you
identify in these examples?
||False etymologies and folk etymology. Reading and creating dictionary
etymologies. Authoritative etymologies. Parsing vs. etymology revisited.
|| Etymonline: The online etymology dictionary.
Look at some sample etymologies and citations
(quotations) in the Oxford
English Dictionary Online. (If you are off campus, there will be an extra step to get to the OED: you will have to log into the Rice network.) Read ||W||Oct 25
||Dictionaries and Lexicography. History of dictionaries; kinds of dictionaries. Dictionaries as tools, not as mystical authorities. Relation of dictionaries to usage by speakers and writers. Spoken vs. written language. Association of dictionaries with written language and authority. Samuel Johnson and Noah Webster.
||Begin Review for Study Test 2.
||Noah Webster and the American Language. James Murray and the New English Dictionary, which became the Oxford English Dictionary. Using the OED.
||Classical morphology in English words. Nouns, number gender and case;
adjectives. What happens when the words become English.
||Ch. 9; Classical morphology: nouns and
verbs: The part on nouns.
||The verb system in Latin. "Stem vowels" as linkers. What happens
to Latin verbs when they become English verbs; and what happens in
derivational processes. Participles and other weird forms. Spellings and pronunciations.
||Ch. 9 and Classical morphology: nouns and
verbs: The part on verbs. Amusing but true history: The Latin Language.
||Other aspects of Classical morphology. Participles.
||Classical morphology: nouns and
||The Linguistic Relatives of English. Sir William Jones and the discovery of
the Indo-European language family.
||Ch. 10 pp. 189-196. Sir William Jones quotation; Genetic relations of languages. Indo-European
||Comparison of cognates.
Recurrent sound correspondences. Reconstruction of vocabulary of a
proto-language. Grimm's law (first part).
||Ch. 10 Indo-European cognates: family words
|| Features of Proto-Indo-European; changes leading to Latin and Greek. Associating
Latin and Greek morphemes with each other; and to English and other
||The Indo-Europeans: Who were they? What did they
||Ch. 10 pp. 196-200. Wikipedia article on the
(Sections 1-2.1). Optional famous article: Indo-European
and the Indo-Europeans by Calvert Watkins. The section on Language
and Culture (and its subsections) and the Conclusion are especially
||More on language classification: Language families of the world.
||Language world map.
||Usage and variation. Review/re-introduction of a basic concept: Linguistic varieties. Types and styles of language defined by groups and contexts. Slang and jargon. Characteristics of slang. Special lexical varieties: Cockney rhyming slang, others. (Wikipedia page on Cockney Rhyming Slang is useful.) Lexical innovations. Slang as an important source of neologisms.
||More on slang, jargon.
||Ch. 8; review English as a World Language; Varieties and Dialects.
Rice Neologisms Database activated.
|| More on shibboleths: Language as a group-defining tool. Language and power. Institutions that enforce and maintain standardization. Traditional broadcast media; traditional publishing; education.
||Ch. 8; The Story of the Shibboleth.
||Thanksgiving holiday, no class.
||Language peeves. Prescriptivism as a weapon. (For Word Journal: Be sure to read/review the part of Chapter 3 on word
formation processes (derivation, compounding, clipping, blending,
acronyms, etc. so you can check the classifications of the words you submit. Also review Word formation
processes and types. ) Internet language.
||Two more word formation types: malapropisms, malaphors, and 'eggcorns' [optional links].
Completed Word Journal due.
Neologisms and the information you collected on them
must be entered into database and your
MS Word file uploaded to Assignments.
Passages on slang and jargon on Usage page of public website.
||Video clips: 'English Dialects': Kid of 24 accents
Voice Recognition Elevator; The Dialect Coach; Extra credit
|| Student videos will
be uploaded to Canvas. Recap on Course
Expectations will be useful to see whether you have accomplished the
Midterm topics and terminology: see Review page for
||Study days, formerly known as Dead Week.
||W-W ||Dec 6-13
||Final Exam Week.
||No final exam in the class. Take care of
yourself! Don't overdo the all-nighters,
caffeine consumption, or sugar consumption.
||Omitted chapter: Other changes. Changes in older loanwords from French (ca
1100-1450); derivational relations with Latin loanwords.
© Suzanne Kemmer
Modified 9 Sept 2017; 20 Sept 2017; 20 October 2017; 25 October 2017