Links to research
Full references to readings will be published on the Reading List
Completed problem assignments are to be submitted to Owlspace via uploading to the Assignments module. They must be in the form of Word files, not .pdf.
Reading Responses are also to be submitted to Owlnet via uploading to the Assignments module. After the first week, these will be generally due the day we discuss a reading, before class.
|DAY||DATE||TOPIC||READINGS AND ASSIGNMENTS|
|T||Jan 6||Introduction. Organizational issues. Meaning and associated basic analytical concepts. Word meaning vs. propositional meaning. Conceptualizations: lexical concepts and propositions. Exploring the meaning of a word (assassinate) via semantic intuitions.||No reading.|
|Th||Jan 8||What is meaning? The form-meaning link. Narrowing what is meant by "meaning" in Semantics. Kinds of meaning systems and their properties: Language vs. other symbol systems.||Begin Bolinger excerpt.|
|T||Jan 13||Prerequisites for a symbolic system. Aspects of lexical acquisition. Generalizing meanings from context.|| Bolinger excerpt cont.
Bolinger Reading Response due Friday 5 pm.
Finding structure in semantic fields.
Taxonomies and Paradigms. Basic semantic notions: Inclusion and
contrast. ||Excerpt from Tyler. Tyler reading response due Jan. 19.
||T ||Jan 20||Lexical network
structures. American structuralist semantic theory.
Synonymy. Practicing semantic analysis of synonyms. || Tyler, cont.
Semantics Problem #1
posted to Owlspace. ||Th||Jan 22||European
structuralist tradition: Lexical field theory. More basic notions:
compatibility, incompatibility (semantic anomaly). Meaning "inside
your head" or "outside your head"? (cognitivist vs. objectivist position)
|| Lehrer reading.
[Views of meaning: Logical relations among items in a
domain. "Denotation" vs. "connotation".
Cognitive and social dimensions of
meaning (often dismissed as "mere connotation; not meaning") - We did not touch
on this but it will come up later].
Semantic compatibility/incompatiblity as a mode of investigating
meaning properties. More practice with synonyms: fall, topple, collapse.
|| Lehrer, cont.
||Th||Jan 29 ||
More on binary lexical
relations. Synonyms. Antonyms and other kinds of opposites. Gradability and
scales. Folk vs. specialized language. Special categorization systems
(with authority to be "stipulative" in Fillmore's sense):
the law; science; any expert field.
|| Lehrer, cont. Semantics Problem 1 due ||T||Feb 3
||More on opposites. Methodological and theoretical issues.
Taxonomies in legal language. The relation of legal and ordinary
language. || Fillmore 1978
||Th||Feb 5 ||
Discussion of Assignment 1. Scenes and frames. The concept of a semantic domain. How it relates to types
of lexical structures like the taxonomy. Eclectic vs. restricted theories.
|| Fillmore 1975, Fillmore 1978.
||Fillmore 1975 cont. The notion of the linguistic prototype.
|| Reading response due (on both Fillmore
readings; see assignments).
||Relations of scene/frame and prototype to current concepts in
||Fillmore 1975 cont.
||Prototypes and frames in relation to findings in
Psychology. The 'body image' and other aspects of embodied cognition; space.
||Clark and Clark (1975)
||Th||Feb 19 || Space cont. Taxonomies
and paradigms in cognitive perspective: A more general conception
(beyond features). Shape categories. Relation of language and
thought. More cognitive categories. ||Clark and Clark (1975) cont.
||T||Feb 24 ||
Figure/Ground asymmetry and markedness; other
categories; virtual scales; some spatial relations (high/low; across)
. ||Clark and Clark through to conclusion. "The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis And
Variation Across Languages" (sapirwhorf.doc in Resources on
Owlspace). Semantics Problem #2 was posted to Owlspace Feb 22.
||Relation of language and thought--beyond Clark and Clark. Thinking for speaking. Some cognitive capacities underlying language.
generalizing capacity, construal and viewpoint
||Slobin, "Thinking for Speaking". Also short Kemmer document in Resources on
Owlspace: "Some Cognitive Capacities Underlying Human
Categorization". (These ideas will be picked up and developed more
in the Radden and Dirven article to be read for the class after break.)
||More cognitive capacities: generalization/specificity, viewpoint
and perspective, windowing
||Radden and Dirven "Cognitive
Operations in Thought and Language". (Resources, Course readings)
||Profile/base asymmetry, Figure/Ground asymmetry,
viewpoint, windowing and other capacities
||Radden and Dirven cont. Problem
#2 due Thursday March 12 before class
||Projection and Image schemas: Two crucial cognitive
capacities or tools of thought
||Excerpt from Ch. 2 of Turner The Literary Mind. Image
Schemas; Projection, Planning, etc.
||Image Schemas cont.: Projection, Sequences, Recognition,
Imagination, Planning, Animacy, Agency
||Turner Ch. 2 cont.
||Image Schems cont. Spatial image schemas in lexical semantics; space and
other domains; aspects of image schemas in Cognitive Science
||Oakley. Last Reading Response, on Image Schemas, posted to Owlspace.
|| Conceptual blending: the engine of the imagination. Relation to
metaphor. Blended spaces.
||Turner 2nd excerpt: From Ch. 5, Creative Blends
||Conceptual Blending and metaphor cont. Generic spaces.
||Turner Ch. 5 cont. and Turner Ch. 6 Many spaces.
Image Schemas Reading response due Wed. April 1
||Frames, lexical semantics and corpora. (also a bit of Introduction
to Talmy framework.)
||Talmy. Last Semantics Problem, #4 (there is no 3) was posted to Owlspace April 2.
||The expression of motion in human language: paths and manners
||Talmy pp. 59-76
#4 due April 14 before midnight.
||Language and Cognition; Lexical semantics. Conclusion.
© 2001-2009 Suzanne Kemmer
Last modified 4 April 2009