(Spring, 2000)

Richard J. Smith
Rice University

NOTE: There are many different transliterations of the Chinese title of this work, including I-ching, I Ching, Yiking, etc. [usually translated the Book of Changes]. The work is also known as the Zhouyi or Chou-i [The Zhou/Chou Changes]. Bear in mind that the books and articles listed below vary substantially in terms of scholarly rigor. Works produced by major university presses are usually reliable.

I. Some Websites

For a good introduction to Yijing-related resources on the World Wide Web, including links to both "conventional" and "unconventional" commentaries, consult Greg Whincup's "The I Ching on the Net (Zhouyi dianlin)" at: http://www.pacificcoast.net/~wh/Index.html. For some other websites that suggest a far wider range of possibilities, see:


II. Some Print Sources (books and articles)

Black, Alison. Man and Nature in the Philosophical Thought of Wang Fu-chih. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1989.

Blofeld, John, trans. I Ching. The Book of Change. New York: Dutton, 1968.

Chan, Chiu Ming. Book of Changes: An Interpretation for the Modern Age. Singapore: Asiaspac Publications, 1997.

Chan, Wing-tsit. A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963.

Chang Cheng-lang. "An Interpretation of the Divinatory Inscriptions on Early Chou Bronzes," Early China 6 (1980-1981), pp. 80-96.

Chang, Ch'i-yun. "The Book of Changes (I Ching)--A Philosophical Masterpiece Mirroring the Zeit-Geist of the Western Chou Dynasty." Chinese Culture, 6.4 (October, 1965), pp. 1-41.

Chang Li-wen. "An Analysis of Chu Hsi's System of Thought of I," in Chu Hsi and Neo-Confucianism, ed. Wing-tsit Chan, pp. 292-311. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.

Chen, Chi-yun. "A Confucian Magnate's Idea of Political Violence: Hsun Shuang's Interpretation of the Book of Changes," T'oung Pao, series 2, 54 (1960), pp. 73-115.

Cheng, Chung-ying. "Li and Ch'i in the I Ching: A Reconsideration of Being and Non-Being in Chinese Philosophy," Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 14 (1987), pp. 1-38.

Cheng, Chung-ying and Elton Johnson. "A Bibliography of the I Ching in Western Languages." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 14 (1987), pp. 73-90.

Cheng, Chung-ying, "Confucius, Heidegger, and the Philosophy of the I Ching," Philosophy East and West, 37.1 (January, 1987), pp. 51-70

Cleary, Thomas. The Buddhist I Ching. Boston and London: Shambala Press, 1987.

Cleary, Thomas. The Taoist I Ching. Boston and London: Shambala Press, 1986.

Cleary, Thomas. I Ching Mandalas: A Program of Study for the Book of Changes. Boston: Shambala Press, 1989.

Cleary, Thomas. The I Ching. Boston, Mass.: Shambhala Publications, 1992.

Collins, Roy. The Fu Hsi I Ching: The Early Heaven Sequence. New York and London: University Press of America, 1993.

Davis, Scott."Operating the Yijing Apparatus: A Compositional Analysis." The Oracle: The Journal of Yijing Studies, 2.7 (Summer, 1998), pp.

De Woskin, Kenneth. Doctors, Diviners, and Magicians of Ancient China: Biographies of Fang-shih. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.

Dickinson, Gary and Steve Moore. "Trigrams and Tortoises: Sino-Tibetan Divination. Oracle: The Journal of the I Ching [Yijing] Society, 1.5 (Summer, 1997).

Dhiegh, Khigh Alx. The Eleventh Wing: An Exposition of the Dynamics of I Ching for Now. Los Angeles: Nash Publishing, 1973.

Elman, Benjamin. Classicism, Politics, and Kinship: The Ch'ang-chou School of New Text Confucianism in Late Imperial China. Berkeley, Los Angeles and Oxford: University of California Press, 1990.

Elman, Benjamin. From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press, 1984.

de Fancourt, William (G.W. Dickinson). Warp and Weft: In Search of the I-Ching. Freshfields, Chieveley, Berks (England): Capall Bann Publishing, 1997.

Freeman, Michael. "From Adept to Worthy: The Philosophical Career of Shao Yung," Journal of the American Oriental Society,102 (1982), pp. 477-91.

Fu, Youde. The I Ching: Text and Annotated Translation. Jinan: Shandong Friendship Publishing House, 1995 (based on the "modern Chinese translation" by Liu Dajun and Lin Zhongjun).

Fung, Yu-lan. A History of Chinese Philosophy, 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.

Graham, A. C. (1989). Disputers of the Tao. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court, 1989.

Gu, Linyu. "Time As Emotion vs. Time as Moralization: Whitehead and the Yijing." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 25 (1998), pp. 209-236.

Hacker, Edward. "Temperature and the Assignment of the Hexagrams of the I-Ching to the Calendar." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 9 (1982), pp. 395-400.

Hacker, Edward. "A Note on Formal Properties of the Later Heaven Sequence." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 10 (1983), pp. 169-171.

Hacker, Edward. "Order in the Textual Sequence of the Hexagrams of the I Ching." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 14 (1987), pp. 59-64.

Henderson, John B. The Development and Decline of Chinese Cosmology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Henderson, John B. Scripture, Canon, and Commentary: A Comparison of Confucian and Western Exegesis. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Henderson, John B. The Construction of Orthodoxy and Heresy: Neo-Confucian, Islamic, Jewish and Early Christian Patterns. Albany, State University of New York Press, 1998.

Ho, Peng-Yoke. "The System of the Book of Changes and Chinese Science." Japanese Studies in the History of Science, 11 (1972), pp. 23-39.

Huang, Alfred: The Complete I Ching. Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions, 1998.

Jou, Tsung Hwa. The Tao of I Ching: Way to Divination. Taipei: Tai Chi Foundation, 1984.

Karcher, Stephen: The Elements of the I Ching. Rockport, Mass.: Element Books, 1995.

Kiang, Koh Kok. The I Ching: An Illustrated Guide to the Chinese Art of Divination. Singapore: Asiapac, 1993.

de LaCouperie, Terrien. "The Oldest Book of the Chinese (the Yih-King) and Its Authors." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society." n.s. 14 (1882), pp. 781-289.

Lee, Jung Young. "The I Ching and Its Basic Philosophy of Inner Process." Chinese Culture, 16.2 (June, 1975), pp. 63-70.

Lee, Jung Young. Embracing Change: Postmodern Interpretations of the I Ching from a Christian Perspective. Scranton: University of Scranton Press, 1994.

Legge, James. The I Ching [originally rendered Yi King]. New York: Dover Publications, 1963 (reprint of 1899 edition).

Liang, Tao-wei. "A Comparative Study of the I Ching and Buddhism." Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan, 15 (1970), pp. 111-14

Lik, Kuen Tong. "The Concept of Time in Whitehead and the I Ching." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 1.3-4 (June-September, 1974), pp. 373-93.

Liu, Da. I Ching Numerology. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1979.

Liu Dajun. "A Preliminary Investigation of the Silk Manuscript Yijing." Zhouyi Network, 1 (Jan. 1986), pp. 13-26.

Liu, Dajun and Lin Zhongjun. See under Fu Youde.

Liu, Shu-hsien. "The Use of Analogy and Symbolism in Traditional Chinese Philosophy." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 1 (1974).

Loewe, Michael and Carmen Blacker. Oracles and Divination. Boulder: Shambala Press, 1981.

Loy, David. "On the Meaning of the I Ching." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 14 (1987), pp. 39-57.

Lundbaek, Knud. Joseph de Premare (1666-1736), S.J.: Chinese Philology and Figurism. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 1991.

Lynn, Richard John. The Classic of Changes: A New Translation of the I Ching as Interpreted by Wang Bi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.

McCaffree, Joe E. Bible and I Ching Relationships. Hong Kong and Seattle: South Sky Book Co, 1982.

McKenna, Stephen and Victor Mair. "A Reordering of the Hexagrams of the I Ching." Philosophy East and West, 29.4 (October, 1979), pp. 421-41.

Moore, Steve. The Trigrams of Han: Inner Structures of the I Ching. Wellingborough, Northamptonshire (England): Acquarian Press, 1989.

Mou, Bo. "An Analysis of the Ideographic Nature and Structure of the Hexagram in Yijing: From the Perspective of Philosophy of Language." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 25:3 (September, 1998), pp. 305-320.

Ng, Wai-ming. "I Ching Scholarship in Ch'ing China: A Historical and Comparative Study," Chinese Culture, 37.1 (March, 1996), pp. 57-68.

Ng, Wai-ming. "Quantitative Notes on I Ching Scholarship in Tokugawa Japan," Japan Foundation Newsletter, 23.5 (February, 1996), pp. 17-19.

Ng, Wai-ming. "Study and the Uses of the I Ching in Tokugawa Japan." Sino-Japanese Studies, 9.2 (April, 1997), pp. 24-44.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The History of I Ching in Medieval Japan." Journal of Asian History, 31.1 (July, 1997), pp. 25-46.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The Hollyhock and the Hexagrams: The I Ching and Tokugawa Thought and Culture." Princeton University Ph.D. dissertation, Asian Studies, 1996.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in Ancient Japan." Asian Culture Quarterly, 26.2 (Summer, 1996, pp. 73-76.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in Late Yi Thought." Journal of Korean Thought, 2 (October, 1998), pp.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in Shinto Thought of Tokugawa Japan." Philosophy East and West, 48.4 (October, 1998), pp. 568-91.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in the Adaptation of Western Science in Tokugawa Japan." Chinese Science, 15, 1998, pp.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in the Military Thought of Tokugawa Japan." Journal of Asian Martial Arts, 5.1 (April, 1996), pp. 11-29.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The I Ching in Tokugawa Medical Thought." East Asian Library Journal, Spring, 1998, pp.

Ng, Wai-ming. "The Yijing in Buddhist-Confucian Relations in Tokugawa Japan." Studies in Central and East Asian Religions, 10 (1998) , pp.

Ng, Wai-ming. The I Ching in Tokugawa Thought and Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2000.

Palmer, Martin et al. I Ching: The Shamanic Oracle of Change. London: Thorsons, 1995.

Peterson, Willard. ''Making Connections: 'Commentary on the Attached Verbalizations' of the Book of Change," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 42 (1982), pp. 67-116.

Peterson, Willard. Bitter Gourd: Fang I-chih and the Impetus for Intellectual Change. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1979.

Riegal, Jeffrey. "A Textual Note on the I Ching." Journal of the American Oriental Society, 103.3 (July-September, 1983), pp. 601-605.

Ritsema, Rudolf and Stephen Karcher, trans. I Ching: The Classic Chinese Oracle of Change. Brisbane: Element Books Limited, 1994.

Rutt, Richard. Zhouyi: The Book of Changes. Richmond, Surry (England): Curzon Press, 1996.

Ryan, James A. Leibniz's Binary System and Shao Yong's Yijing," Philosophy East and West, 46.1 (January, 1996), pp. 59-90.

Saso, Michael. "What Is the Ho-t'u?" History of Religions 18 (1978), pp. 399-416.

Schoter, Andreas. "Boolean Algebra and the Yijing." Oracle: The Journal of Yijing Studies, 2.7 (Summer, 1998), pp. 19-34.

Schoter, Andreas. "Correctness and Correspondence." Oracle: The Journal of Yijing Studies, 2.7 (Summer, 1998), pp. 25-37.

Schulz, Larry and Thomas J. Cunningham. "The Seasonal Structure Underlying the Arrangement of Hexagrams in the Yijing." Atlanta: Occasional Paper Series of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, 1988).

Schwartz, Benjamin. The World of Thought in Ancient China. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Shaughnessy, Edward L. "A First Reading of the Mawangdui Yijing Manuscript." Early China, 19 (1994), 47-73.

Shaughnessy, Edward L. "Marriage, Divorce, and Revolution: Reading between the Lines of the Book of Changes." The Journal of Asian Studies 51.3 (August 1992), 594.

Shaughnessy, Edward L. "The Origins of an Yijing Line Statement." Early China 20 (1995), 223-40.

Shaughnessy, Edward L. "Zhouyuan Oracle-Bone Inscriptions: Entering the Research Stage?" Early China 11-12 (1985-87), 146-163.

Shaughnessy, Edward L. Before Confucius: Studies in the Creation of the Chinese Classics. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Shaughnessy, Edward, trans. I Ching--The Classic of Changes. New York: Ballantine Books, 1998.

Shchutskii, lulian K. Researches on the I Ching, trans. William L. MacDonald and Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, with Hellmut Wilhelm. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Siu, R.G.H. The Man of Many Qualities: A Legacy of the I Ching. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1968.

Sherrill, W.A. The Astrology of the I Ching. New York: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1976.

Sherrill, W.A. and W.K. Chu. An Anthology of the I Ching. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977.

Smith, Kidder, et al. Sung Dynasty Uses of the I Ching (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Smith, Kidder. "Zhouyi Divination from Accounts in the Zuozhuan," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49:2 (1989).

Smith, Richard J. Fortune-tellers and Philosophers: Divination in Traditional Chinese Society. Boulder, Colorado and London: Westview Press, 1991.

Smith, Richard J. "Qing Dynasty Yijing Specialists in Yuan Shushan's Zhongguo lidai burenzhuan." Zhouyi Network, 5 (1990), pp. 13-30.

Smith, Richard J. and D.W.Y. Kwok, eds., Cosmology, Ontology and Human Efficacy: Essays in Chinese Thought. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994.

Smith, Richard J. "The Languages of the Yijing and the Representation of Reality." Oracle: The Journal of the Yijing, (Summer, 1998), pp. 35-50.

Smith, Richard J. "The Place of the Yijing (Classic of Changes) in World Culture: Some Historical and Contemporary Perspectives," Journal of Chinese Philosophy" (Winter, 1998).

Swanson, Gerald. "The Concept of Change in the Great Treatise," in Explorations in Ancient Chinese Cosmology, ed. Henry Rosemont, Jr. Chico: Scholars Press, 1984.

Tang, Mingbang. "Recent Developments in Studies of the Book of Changes." Chinese Studies in Philosophy (Fall, 1987), pp. 46-63.

T'ang, Yung-t'ung. "Wang Pi's Interpretation of the I-ching and Lun-yü." Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 10 (1947), pp. 124-161. Translated by Walter Liebenthal.

Tong, Paul. "A Cross-Cultural Study of the I-ching." Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 3 (1975), pp. 73-84.

Waley, Arthur. "The Book of Changes," Bulletin of the Musuem of Far Eastern Antiquities, 5 (1933), pp. 121-42.

Wilhelm, Hellmut. Change: Eight Lectures on the I Ching. New York: Harper, 1964.

Wilhelm, Hellmut. Heaven, Earth and Man in the Book of Changes. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1977

Wilhelm, Hellmut. "I-ching Oracles in the Tso-chuan and Kuo-yu" Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (1959), pp. 275-80.

Wilhelm, Hellmut. The Book of Changes in the Western Tradition: A Selected Bibliography. Seattle: Institute for Comparative and Foreign Area Studies, University of Washington, 1976.

Wilhelm, Hellmut. The I Ching or Book of Changes, translated by Cary F. Baynes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 3rd edition, 1967.

Wincup, Greg. Rediscovering the I Ching. New York: Doubleday, 1986.

Wu, Jing Nuan. Yi Jing. Washington, D.C.: The Taoist Center (distributed by the University of Hawaii Press), 1991.

Wu Wei. The I Ching Interpreted by Wu Wei. Los Angeles: Power Press, 1995.

Wyatt, Don J. "Chu Hsi's Critique of Shao Yung: One Instance of the Stand Against Fatalism," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 45 (1985), pp. 649-66.

Wyatt, Don J. The Recluse of Loyang: Shao Yung and the Moral Evolution of Early Sung Thought. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996.

Yüan-Kuang. Methode Pratique de Divination Chinoise par le Yi-King. Paris: Guy Trédaniel, 1977.