Percentage decline in death from cardiovascular disease in Poland between 1992-97: 15 percent to 20 percent.
Source: Public health advocate Dr. Witold Zatoski, as reported by Kitty McKinsey in RFE/RL Daily Report, 2 July 1997.Quality of St. Petersburg's drinking water supply: 500 times the acceptable levels of fenolam, 260 times the acceptable levels of chloroform, 700 times the acceptable levels of micro-organisms, from double to triple the maximum world standard levels of salts and heavy metals, and 200 times the acceptable levels of bacteria that cause dysentery. One in every 20 test-tubes extracted from St. Petersburg's drinking water supply contained hepatitis A.
Source: Moscow newspaper Kommersant Daily, as reported by Brian Whitmore in RFE/RL, 1 July 1997.Number of drug addicts in Russia: 300,000. <BR>Number of drug users in Russia: 2 million.
Source: Interior Ministry officials, as reported by Reuter (Moscow), 22 July 1997.
Number of Spring 1997 applicants to Polish state colleges and universities: 293,000.
Number of openings in Polish state colleges and universities in Fall 1997: 213,000.
Percentage of 19-year-olds who attend colleges and universities in Fall 1997: 25 percent (100 percent increase over 1990).
Source: Micha Jankowski in Donosy, 2 July and 2 October 1997.Note: figures for private colleges and universities are not available. It is estimated that the high-tuition private colleges have an additional 100,000 openings for freshmen.
Life expectancy in Poland in 1997: 68 years for men and 76.5 years for women.
Source: Donosy, 26 August 1997.Suicide rate increase between August 1-18, 1997, in regions affected by catastrophic floods in Poland in July 1997: 46 percent (by comparison to 1996).
Source: Gazeta Wyborcza, 27 August 1997.Percentage of American Jews who are of Eastern European origin: 95 percent.
Source: Elisabeth Farnsworth in MacNeil-Lehrer Report, 26 August 1997.Percentage of Jews in the U.S. population: 2 percent.
Source: Michael Medved, "The Jewish Question," National Review, 28 July 1997.Percentage of Jews in the pre-World War II Polish population: 10.1 percent, or 3.3 million.
Source: Kluszczyski's Encyklopedia Polski (1996) and Penguin's Atlas of World Population History (1980).
Damage in Poland caused by July 1997 floods: $3 billion, according to estimates by western insurance companies; $3.7 billion, according to Polish economics minister Wieslaw Kaczmarek.
Aid for victims distributed so far: $860 million, of which $40 million came from abroad.
Damage in the Czech Republic caused by July 1997 floods, according to the Czech environment minister Jiri Skalicky: $1.76 billion.
Source: Agence France-Presse, 28 August , 15 September and 3 October 1997.President Boris Yeltsin's net worth (as declared in May 1997): $200,000, with $42,000 in 1996 earnings.
Source: Reuter (Moscow), 10 July 1997.Percentage of due taxes collected during the first nine months of 1997 in Russia: 52 percent,
Source: Stephanie Baker in RFE/RL News, 31 October 1997.Estimated percentage of the Russian economy controlled by organized crime: 66 percent.
Source: Center for Strategic and International Studies Report, as reported by Reuter, 29 September 1997.Countries which overtook Russia in GDP size in the past seven years: Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Canada and South Korea.
Source: Andrei Ilarionov of Moscow's Institute for Economic Analysis, as reported by Agence France-Presse, 16 September 1997.Draft Russian budget for 1998, approved by the government on 21 August 1997: $58.6 billion, or 12.4 percent of the estimated GDP. Planned deficit: 4.8 percent of the GDP. Reuter-estimated deficit: 5.35 percent of the GDP.
Source: RFE/RL, 22 August 1997.The largest borrowers from the World Bank in the fiscal year ending June 1997: first, China; second, Russia ($1.7 billion); sixth, Ukraine ($989.6 million); ninth, Romania ($625 million).
Source: Robert Lyle in RFE/RL, 16 July 1997.Amount of money paid by the Turkish government official for Batyskaf, a Polish Arabian horse, during the yearly auction in Janów Podlaski in August 1997: $450,000.
Source: Donosy, 18 August 1997.Direct foreign investment in Poland over the last five years: $16 billion.
Source: Agence France-Presse (Warsaw), 27 August 1997.Amount of money Ukrainians spent in Poland in 1996: Zl. 1.2 billion ($463 million).
Source: Micha Jankowski in Donosy, 25 September 1997; The Washington Post, 24 November 1997. Percentage decline in Russian farm output in 1997 since peak levels in the Soviet era: 40 percent.
Source: Lynnley Browning of Reuter (Moscow), 2 July 1997.IMF forecast of GDP growth in central and eastern Europe in 1997: Ukraine, minus three percent; Croatia, 5.5 percent; Poland, 5.5 percent; Belarus, 5 percent; Slovakia, 4.5 percent.
Source: Agence France-Presse, 17 September 1997.Percentage of foreign investment in Russia that comes from the US government-sponsored sources: one-third.
Source: US Vice President Albert Gore in Moscow on 23 September 1997, as reported by Agence France-Presse on the same day.Value of Ukrainian exports to Russia in 1996: $5.4 billion, or 40 percent of Ukraine's exports.
Source: Agence France-Presse, 27 September 1997.Percentage of apartments in Poland that are privately owned: 61 percent.
Source: Micha Jankowski in Donosy, 25 September 1997.
Subscriptions to all Russian newspapers and magazines in the second half of 1997: 7 million.
Source: Nezavisimaia Gazeta, 27 August 1997.
Percentage of Russian army draftees in 1997 who have a criminal record: 20 percent.
Source: Agence France-Presse, 12 November 1997.
Source: President Boris Yeltsin, as reported by the UPI, 2 July 1997.Number of Russian military officers currently without housing: 97,000.
Source: RFE/RL, 11 August 1997.
Republics v. empires
Percentage of Russians who believe that the best way to settle the Chechen problem is to let Chechnya secede: 41 percent.
Percentage of Russians who regard Chechnya as already independent: 35 percent.
Percentage of Russians who still see Chechnya as part of Russia: 31 percent.
Percentage of Russians who are pessimistic about the chances of normalizing relations with Chechnya: 56 percent.
Source: September 1997 Public Opinion Foundation survey of 1,500 Russians, as reported by Interfax
and Agence France-Presse, 25 September 1997.
and Agence France-Presse, 25 September 1997.
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The Sarmatian Review
Last updated 01/21/98