The midterms are a combination of T/F; multiple choice; fill in the blank; parsing; and possibly matching and short answers.
Words in English
word stock, vocabulary nativized, nativization size of English vocabulary loanword, borrowing word elements = morphemes doublets word structure synonyms, synonymy study of word structure = morphology homonyms, homonymy stylistic choices polysemy formal vs. informal prescriptivism genre choices standard, nonstandard (variety or form) technical vs. non-technical language change writing vs. speech related languages native parse borrowed glossHistory of English
Old English = Anglo-Saxon (lg.) Harold Godwinson Middle English Battle of Hastings, 1066 Early Modern English Norman conquest Present Day English (PDE) Normans Celts (Britons) William of Normandy (William the Conqueror) Romans Domesday Book Anglo-Saxons Norman French Beowulf Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales King Alfred (Alfred the Great) William Caxton, printing press Vikings, Danes Great English Vowel Shift Canute (Cnut) King James Bible Danelaw Shakespeare Watling Street colonialism Ethelred the Unready standardization (of language, of spelling) Edward the Confessor Noah Webster Other ideas and things to know: general concept: layers of loanwords examples of loanwords from various languages typical forms of loanwords from various languages approximate dates of the periods of the English language
word simplex word filler, linker morpheme complex word inflection syllable derivation, derivations morpheme (= morph) compounding, compounds 'smallest unit of meaning/function' acronym root back formation affix zero-derivation (= conversion) prefix blending, blends suffix clipping, clippings parse, parsing folk etymology reanalysis analogy