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"A List of Outside Readings..."

1. Tolkien, “Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics” (in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays [Houghton Mifflin, 1984], pp. 5-48)

2. Tolkien, “On Translating Beowulf” (Monsters, pp. 49-71)

3. Tolkien, trans., Old English Exodus (in The Old English Exodus [Oxford, 1981], pp. 20-35)

4. R. V. Gordon, trans. Old English The Battle of Maldon (in Anglo-Saxon Poetry [Everyman/Dent], pp. 329-334)

5. Tolkien, “A Secret Vice” (in Monsters, pp. 198-223 )

6. (A) Finnish Kalevala, Summary (in Kalevala Mythology, trans. Juha Y. Pentikainer [Indiana], pp. 48-67) (B) “Kalevala” (Excerpts), from Kalevala, ed. W.F. Kirby (version Tolkien read)(E.P. Dutton, 1907), pp. 69-125.

7. Tolkien, “Valedictory Address” (in Monsters, pp. 224-240)

8. Carl F. Hostetter, “Over Middle-earth Sent Unto Men: On the Philological Origins of Earendel Myth,” Mythlore 65 (Spring, 1991): 5-8.

9. T. S. Eliot, “The Wasteland” (1922) (in Complete Poems and Plays [Harcourt Brace], pp. 38-54)

10. George Orwell, 1984 (1949), pp. 396-419

11. Richard Schindler, “The Expectant Landscape: J.R.R. Tolkien’s Illustrations for The Hobbit,” in J.R.R. Tolkien: The Hobbit Drawings, Watercolors, and Manuscripts (Milwaukee: Marquette, 1987), pp. 14-27

12. Tolkien, “Mythopoeia,” and “Introduction,” in Tree and Leaf, ed. Christopher Tolkien (Houghton Mifflin, 1989), pp. 5-8, 97-101

13. R. J. Reilly, “Tolkien and the Fairy Story,” in Tolkien and the Critics, ed. N. Isaacs and R. Zimbardo (Univ. Notre Dame Press, 1968), pp. 128-150

14. Verlyn Flieger, “Frodo and Aragorn: the Concept of Hero,” in Neil Isaacs and Rose Zimbardo, eds., Tolkien: New Critical Perspectives (U. Kentucky Press, 1981), pp. 40-62.

15. Melanie Rawls, “The Rings of Power,” Mythlore 40 (1984): 29-32.

16. Catherine Madsen, “Light from an Invisible Lamp: Natural Religion in LOTR,” Mythlore 53 (Spring, 1988): 43-7.

17. Michel Foucault, “The Eye of Power,” in Power/Knowledge (Pantheon), pp. 146-165

18.David Callaway, “Gollum: A Misunderstood Hero,” Mythlore 37 (1984): 14-17, 22 (On reserve)

19. Melanie Rawls, “The Feminine Principle in Tolkien,” Mythlore 38 (Spring, 1984): 5-13.

20. Kathleen Dubs, “Providence, Fate and Chance: Boethian Philosophy in LOTR,” Twentieth- Century Literature 27 (1981): 34-42

21. Nan C. Scott, “War and Pacifism in LOTR,” Tolkien Journal 15 (Summer, 1972): 23-25, 27-30.

22. Joe Abbott, “Tolkien’s Monsters: Concept and Function in LOTR (Part II),” Mythlore 60 (Winter, 1989): 40-47

23. “A Chronology of the First Age” and “Genealogical Tables,” in Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth (Ballantine, 1971; rpt. ), pp. 427-449

24. Chronologies, Wars of Beleriand, the Battles, The Ages (Diagrams), from David Day, Tolkien: The Illustrated Encyclopedia (Macmillan, 1988?, pp. 10-17, 31, 34-35, 42, 46-9, 50.

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